Animal Farm

Animal Farm

As ferociously fresh as it was more than a half century ago, this remarkable allegory of a downtrodden society of overworked, mistreated animals, and their quest to create a paradise of progress, justice, and equality is one of the most scathing satires ever published. As we witness the rise and bloody fall of the revolutionary animals, we begin to recognize the seeds of t...

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Title:Animal Farm
Author:George Orwell
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Edition Language:English

Animal Farm Reviews

  • Ahmad Sharabiani

    564. Animal Farm, George Orwell

    Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and then on into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union. Orwell, a democratic socialist, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, an attitude that was critically shaped by his experiences during the Spanish Civil War. The Soviet Union, he believe

    564. Animal Farm, George Orwell

    Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and then on into the Stalinist era of the Soviet Union. Orwell, a democratic socialist, was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, an attitude that was critically shaped by his experiences during the Spanish Civil War. The Soviet Union, he believed, had become a brutal dictatorship, built upon a cult of personality and enforced by a reign of terror. In a letter to Yvonne Davet, Orwell described Animal Farm as a satirical tale against Stalin ("un conte satirique contre Staline"), and in his essay "Why I Write" (1946), wrote that Animal Farm was the first book in which he tried, with full consciousness of what he was doing, "to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole".

    Old Major, the old boar on the Manor Farm, summons the animals on the farm together for a meeting, during which he refers to humans as "enemies" and teaches the animals a revolutionary song called "Beasts of England". When Major dies, two young pigs, Snowball and Napoleon, assume command and consider it a duty to prepare for the Rebellion. The animals revolt and drive the drunken and irresponsible farmer Mr. Jones from the farm, renaming it "Animal Farm". They adopt the Seven Commandments of Animalism, the most important of which is, "All animals are equal."

    Snowball teaches the animals to read and write, while Napoleon educates young puppies on the principles of Animalism. Food is plentiful, and the farm runs smoothly. The pigs elevate themselves to positions of leadership and set aside special food items, ostensibly for their personal health.

    Some time later, several men attack Animal Farm. Jones and his men are making an attempt to recapture the farm, aided by several other farmers who are terrified of similar animal revolts. Snowball and the animals, who are hiding in ambush, defeat the men by launching a surprise attack as soon as they enter the farmyard. Snowball's popularity soars, and this event is proclaimed "The Battle of the Cowshed". It is celebrated annually with the firing of a gun, on the anniversary of the Revolution. Napoleon and Snowball vie for pre-eminence. When Snowball announces his plans to modernize the farm by building a windmill, Napoleon has his dogs chase Snowball away and declares himself leader. ...

    عنوان: قلعه (مزرعه) حیوانات - نویسنده: جورج اورول؛ (جامی،...) ادبیات انگلستان؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش متن نسخه انگلیسی: در سال 1975 میلادی

    مترجمها: بدون هیچ ترتیبی آنهایی را که یافتم 44 نامدار را بنگاشتم. گویا باید در رکوردهای گینس ثبت شود

    مترجم 01 - امیرامیرشاهی در 154 ص؛

    مترجم 02 - محمد فیروزبخت در 136 ص؛

    مترجم 03 - احسان واحدی در 133 ص؛

    مترجم 04 - رضا زارع در 120 ص؛

    مترجم 05 - علی گرانمایه در 152 ص؛

    مترجم 06 - سیروس نورآبادی و محسن موحدی زاد در 130 ص؛

    مترجم 07 - احمد کسایی پور در 171 ص؛ نشر ماهی 1394 در 147 ص؛

    مترجم 08 - مرضیه صدر در 108 ص؛

    مترجم 09 - نرگس حیدری منجیلی در 128 ص؛

    مترجم 10 - صالح حسینی و معصومه نبی زاده در 158 ص؛

    مترجم 11 - آزاده دادفر در 195 ص؛

    مترجم 12 - مریم صالحی در 127 ص؛

    مترجم 13 - شهاب حبیبی در 176 ص؛

    مترجم 14 - مجید نوریان در 78 ص؛

    مترجم 15 - همایون نوراحمر در 131 ص؛

    مترجم 16 - همایون بهشتی در 139 ص؛

    مترجم 17 - مرجان غیبی در 234 ص؛

    مترجم 18 - یولاند گوهرین در 160 ص؛

    مترجم 19 - غلامرضا صالحی معوا در 128 ص؛

    مترجم 20 - زهرا نوروزی در 117 ص؛

    مترجم 21 - زینت علیزاده در 128 ص؛

    مترجم 22 - بهروز غریب پور در 92 ص؛

    مترجم 23 - سمانه فلاح در 104 ص؛

    مترجم 24 - وحید کیان در 139 ص؛

    مترجم 25 - محمدرضا آخوندی و زهرا محمدی در 108 ص؛

    مترجم 26 - مریم رشتی زاده در 124 ص؛

    مترجم 27 - محمد هاشمی و سعید هاشمی در 112 ص؛

    مترجم 28 - حوریا موسایی در 126 ص؛

    مترجم 29 - منصوره چراغی در 126 ص؛

    مترجم 30 - مجتبی پایدار در 112 ص؛

    مترجم 31 - پژمان کوشش در 155 ص؛

    مترجم 32 - آوینا ترنم در 128 ص؛

    مترجم 33 - حوراء وحیدی در 128 ص؛

    مترجم 34 - ادریس باباخانی در 90 ص؛

    مترجم 35 - مژگان احمدی در 120 ص؛

    مترجم 36 - حلیمه بیع آتی در 112 ص؛

    مترجم 37 - قدیر گلکاریان در 120 ص؛

    مترجم 38 - علی اصغر افرجی در 132 ص؛

    مترجم 39 - مهنوش جواهری در 141 ص؛

    مترجم 40 - علی جواهرکلام در 128 ص؛

    مترجم 41 - حجت امامی در 127 ص؛

    مترجم 42 - محمدعلی جدیری و صمد محمدی آسیابی در 111 ص؛

    مترجم 43 - حمیدرضا بلوچ در 127 ص؛

    مترجم 44 - اجمدکسایی پور در 147 ص؛

    مزرعه ی حیوانات یا قلعه حیوانات، رمانی پاد آرمان‌شهری به زبان انگلیسی و نوشته ی جُرج اُروِل است. ایشان این رمان را در طول جنگ جهانی دوم نوشته و در سال 1945 میلادی در انگلستان منتشر کرده است. مزرعه ی حیوانات درباره ی گروهی از جانوران اهلی ست که در اقدامی آرمان‌ گرایانه و انقلابی، صاحب مزرعه (آقای جونز) را از مزرعه‌ اش فراری می‌دهند، تا خود اداره ی مزرعه را به‌ دست گرفته و «برابری» و «رفاه» را در جامعه ی خود برقرار سازند. رهبری این جنبش را گروهی از خوک‌ها به‌ دست دارند، ولی پس از مدتی این گروه انقلابی نیز به رهبری خوکی به نام ناپلئون، همچون همان آقای جونز، به بهره‌ کشی از حیوانات مزرعه می‌پردازند، و هرگونه مخالفتی را سرکوب می‌کنند. اورول با نگارش این رُمان از استبداد طبقه ی حاکم شوروی به سختی ناراضی و معتقد بود نظام شوروی به یک دیکتاتوری بدل گشته، و بر پایه ی کیش شخصیت بنا شده است. داستان با توصیف شبی شروع می‌شود، که خوکی به نام میجر پیر حیوانات را جمع کرده، و از ظلمی که انسان بر حیوانات روا داشته برای آنان سخن می‌گوید، و حیوانات را به شورش علیه انسان دعوت می‌کند. وی سپس یک سرود قدیمی را که بعداً به سرودی انقلابی در بین حیوانات مزرعه تبدیل می‌شود به آنها یاد میدهد. پس از چندی حیوانات در پی شورشی، مالک مزرعه به نام آقای جونز را، از مزرعه بیرون کرده و خود اداره آن را به دست می‌گیرند. پس از این انقلاب حیوانی، خوکها (که از هوش بالاتری نسبت به سایر حیوانات برخوردار هستند) نقش رهبری حیوانات مزرعه را به دست می‌گیرند. اما پس از چندی در بین خود حیوانات، یک سری توطئه و کودتا انجام می‌گیرد؛ ناپلئون که یکی از دو خوک پرنفوذ مزرعه است، با استفاده از سگ‌های درنده‌ ای که مخفیانه تربیت کرده؛ سنوبال، دیگر خوک پرنفوذ مزرعه را فراری داده، و خود به رهبر بلامنازع مزرعه می‌شود. پس از آن، سنوبال عامل جونز معرفی شده، و تمام اتفاقات بد و خرابکاری‌هایی که در مزرعه صورت می‌گیرد، به وی یا عوامل او در داخل مزرعه نسبت داده می‌شود؛ و به فرمان ناپلئون عده ی زیادی از حیوانات ،به جرم همکاری با سنوبال، توسط سگ‌ها اعدام می‌شوند. در ادامه ی داستان خوک‌ها به‌ تدریج تمامی قوانین حیوانات را زیر پا می‌گذارند. قانون اساسی حیوانات معروف به «هفت فرمان» به تدریج محو و تحریف می‌شود، خواندن سرود قدغن، و حیوانات با غذای روزانه ی کم، مجبور به کار زیاد می‌شوند. در حالیکه خوک‌ها فرمانروایی می‌کنند، و غذای زیادی می‌خورند؛ و از تمام امکانات رفاهی سود می‌برند؛ و حتی یاد می‌گیرند که چطور روی دوپا راه بروند، و با انسان‌ها معامله کنند. از جمله برنامه‌ های ناپلئون، ساخت «آسیاب بادی» ست که قرار است برای بهبود کیفیت زندگی حیوانات ساخته شود. نقشه اولیه آسیاب، توسط سنوبال طرح‌ریزی شده بوده، و در ابتدا ناپلئون به مخالفت با آن برمی‌خیزد، ولی با بیرون راندن سنوبال، ایده ی ساخت آن را پی می‌گیرد، اما به دلیل بی کفایتی ناپلئون، ساخت آن به شکل مطلوبی پیش نمی‌رود. در پایان، ساخته شدن آسیاب، که با فداکاری‌ها و زجر و تحمل فراوان حیوانات مزرعه، امکان‌پذیر گردیده، نه تنها به بهبود وضعیت زندگی حیوانات منجر نمی‌شود، که خود به آسبابی برای بهره‌ کشی بیشتر از حیوانات بدل می‌گردد. ا. شربیانی

  • Petra X

    This is not really a review, but one of those moments where everything that was clear to you suddenly becomes utterly muddied and you really can't say what lies beneath the murky waters although a moment before you were sure you could.

    I'm reading Christopher Hitchen's astonishingly percipient and brilliant

    . I read Animal Farm too young to identify the individual animals with actual character

    This is not really a review, but one of those moments where everything that was clear to you suddenly becomes utterly muddied and you really can't say what lies beneath the murky waters although a moment before you were sure you could.

    I'm reading Christopher Hitchen's astonishingly percipient and brilliant

    . I read Animal Farm too young to identify the individual animals with actual characters on the stage of communism (the old boar Major is Marx, Farmer Jones is the Tsar, the pigs Napoleon and Snowball, Stalin and Trotsky respectively) so this essay is giving me a lot to think about. So far, nothing more so than this quote (below).

    (Background to the quote): A group of Ukrainian and Polish refugees in a displaced persons' camp had discovered sympathetic parallels with their own plight in Orwell's parable and had begged him for permission to translate his almost-totally unknown book. But...

    The book is banned in Cuba, North Korea, Burma, Iran, Kenya and most Arab countries. It is banned in the UAE not because of it's content but because it has anthropomorphic talking pigs which are unIslamic (is this not Orwellian in itself?). It is still censored in Vietnam. These nations wouldn't want ordinary people reading the book and looking at their own ruling

    elites and seeing any parallels now would they? Who knows what kind of thoughts and actions that might lead to?

    On 17 July 2009, Amazon.com withdrew certain Amazon Kindle titles, including Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell, from sale, refunded buyers, and remotely deleted items from purchasers' devices after discovering that the publisher lacked rights to publish the titles in question. Notes and annotations for the books made by users on their devices were also deleted. After the move prompted outcry and comparisons to Nineteen Eighty-Four itself, Amazon spokesman Drew Herdener stated that the company is "changing our systems so that in the future we will not remove books from customers' devices in these circumstances." However, at the end of 2014 Amazon does not seem to a guarantee in its ToS that they won't don't this again.

    Next step:

    . Get the firemen out to burn the books, only ebooks allowed where content can be controlled.

    Original review 30 Oct 2011, updated 7 Dec 2014

  • Shannon (Giraffe Days)

    This is a book I've been meaning to read for ages but never got around to - last week I not only read it but gave a lesson on the historical context for the grade 8 class, who will be reading this book and

    . As I found, out of the class of 24, about 20 of them had already read the book, and at least one kid knew it was an allegory of the Russian Revolution. Still, my lesson wasn't totally redundant :)

    For anyone who isn't familiar with the story,

    is about the animals on a farm

    This is a book I've been meaning to read for ages but never got around to - last week I not only read it but gave a lesson on the historical context for the grade 8 class, who will be reading this book and

    . As I found, out of the class of 24, about 20 of them had already read the book, and at least one kid knew it was an allegory of the Russian Revolution. Still, my lesson wasn't totally redundant :)

    For anyone who isn't familiar with the story,

    is about the animals on a farm in England rising up against the incompetent, cruel farmer (Mr Jones, who represents the deposed Tsar, Nicholas II) and taking over the farm, renaming it Animal Farm (USSR) and - so the glorious vision intended - running it for themselves, so their lives would be better.

    The vision is given to them by a pig, Old Major, who dies not long afterwards. Old Major probably represents Vladimir Lenin and Karl Marx, and it's not the socialist ideal put forward that is critiqued by this book but how that vision is corrupted by certain other characters, namely another pig called Napoleon, who represents Joseph Stalin. Napoleon chases a pig called Snowball (Leon Trotsky) off the farm with his personally trained dogs (while still just the General Secretary of the Party, Stalin recruited people who would follow him blindly, so that when Lenin died in 1924 he was able to defeat Trotsky for the leadership position and his "dogs" kept everyone else in line).

    The pigs then take charge, and with their literacy skills keep changing the rules the animals established in order to suit themselves, using a pig called Squealer to convince the other animals that their memories are faulty. After all, as the drafthorse Boxer keeps saying, "Comrade Napoleon is always right".

    Boxer is - for me - the most heartbreaking character in the novel. He represents the peasants, and is the most hardworking animal on the farm. He has utter faith in the leadership of Napoleon and works himself to the bone - literally. His reward is very telling, though I don't want to give it away. Most of the characters represent either a person, several people or groups of people, and for the complete list you can check it out on Wikipedia.

    Orwell, while a socialist, was very cynical about Stalin's communist USSR - and for good reason!

    is a very well-written critique of how socialist ideals are corrupted by powerful people, how the uneducated masses are taken advantage of, and how the dictator or communist leaders turn into capitalists (just look at China). It's a wonderful example of how effective the allegorical style/format can be, and a well-deserved classic.

  • Manny

    A perfect book. People will still be reading this in a thousand years time, when communism is just a footnote.

  • بثينة العيسى

    جورج أورويل عبقري بشكل مزعج. يكتب رواية أبطالها حيوانات في مزرعة ويخيل إليك بأن الأمر سيكون سخيفاً، أو شبيها بقصص الأطفال. على العكس، جورج أورويل نقل الواقع بكابوسيته، وجعل التاريخ أكثر قابلية للفهم، وشرح لنا باختصار كيف يمكن أن يتحول الإنسان إلى خنزير والخنزير إلى إنسان.

    رواية جديرة بوقتك بالتأكيد.

  • Mohammed Arabey

    الدستور

    الخرفان

    ديني

    محمد العربي

    فقط في 24 يونيو 2013

    "ملحوظه"

    -----

    قرأت تلك الرواية قبل احداث 30 يونيو 2013

    والغريب جدا ان بعد أعادة قراءتي للريفيو أجد أنها تصلح لنفس الحال بعد سنتين..نفس الريفيو الرمزي يصلح لأي وقت...بالضبط كالرواية..وسعدت أني كتبت الريفيو بالرمز مثلها

    العجيب فعلا ان الرواية تصلح لكل العهود السياسية التي أتت علينا

    مصر قبل 25 يناير وبعدها

    مصر قبل 30 يونيو وبعدها

    وبمجرد ان قرئتها..شعرت ان هذه الرواية يجب ان يتم تدريسها بالمدارس..فكل الاجيال تستحق هذا الوعي السياسي

    الا اني رايت سببا -وان اكاد ان اجزم انه ليس السبب الرئيسي لهذا- ان نهايتها المقبضه لا تتناسب لصغار السن

    ولكن هذه النهاية المقبضة للاسف...واقعية

  • Clau R.

    Those damn PIGS.

    I can't even.

  • Ahmad  Ebaid
  • Anne

    Yeah, yeah, everyone

    Orwell wrote this as about the Russian Revolution, Stalin, and the rise of Communism.

    Pshttt. Whatever.

    You know what I think he was really saying?

    Ok, maybe not.

    Look, I know what you're thinking,

    , but the next thing you know, that piggy is all grown up and stealing your cookies!

    And you'll let it steal your cookies because Mr. Pig has convinced you that giving up your

    every

    Yeah, yeah, everyone

    Orwell wrote this as about the Russian Revolution, Stalin, and the rise of Communism.

    Pshttt. Whatever.

    You know what I think he was really saying?

    Ok, maybe not.

    Look, I know what you're thinking,

    , but the next thing you know, that piggy is all grown up and stealing your cookies!

    And you'll let it steal your cookies because Mr. Pig has convinced you that giving up your

    every day was a part of the original agreement! Besides, what do you know, you're just a stupid sheep...

    Plus, it's just a cookie, where's the harm?

    Not to mention, the last guy who complained about giving up his cookie ended up mauled by that dog. Probably just a coincidence, though.

    But it's ok because pigs are smart. That's what everyone says, right? Smarter than

    are, at any rate. And if the pig says it's ok, then it's ok.

    I mean look at it! It couldn't possibly have anything but your best interests at heart!

    Alright, I'm outta pig gifs.

    So, I thought this was a pretty cool book. Sure, it's supposed to be about Russia, but it could just as easily be about the working class in

    country.

    Bottom line?

    We need to stop listening to the spin doctors on the boob tube and start thinking for ourselves. Question everything, especially the things we think we

    are true. It

    be a good idea to teach our kids that it's ok not blindly believe everything

    tell them, too. Besides, if we're right, then our ideals can stand up to the scrutiny of children. Otherwise, we risk raising a generation of idiots.

  • Tessa De Guzman

    Funnily enough, i read this book as a child and thought that it really WAS about animals. I remember thinking, Evil Pigs, I'm glad you're bacon in MY world, and Poor Hardworking Horsies, come live on my farm instead. You can have all the hay and makopa you want (sadly, no apples, tropical climate).

    I reread it after education spoiled my natural inclinations for fast and absolute punishment of evildoers and eternal rewards for the good. I do find it pleasantly strange that these animals are symbol

    Funnily enough, i read this book as a child and thought that it really WAS about animals. I remember thinking, Evil Pigs, I'm glad you're bacon in MY world, and Poor Hardworking Horsies, come live on my farm instead. You can have all the hay and makopa you want (sadly, no apples, tropical climate).

    I reread it after education spoiled my natural inclinations for fast and absolute punishment of evildoers and eternal rewards for the good. I do find it pleasantly strange that these animals are symbols for political stereotypes and yet people still appear in the book. Isn't that CRAZY? That's literary perversion in a class all its own.

    I'm thankful i read this in my formative years, before I had all this intellectual baggage (emphasis on baggage, piano on the intellect), because I got to appreciate it like a child would, almost like the way I appreciated Charlotte's Web. To me, back then, it was just another story about animals, albeit a wordy one, with no pictures.

    Which is probably why I still experience a certain righteous thrill when eating crispy bacon.

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